English・Talking About Buddhism・仏教と真言宗
TOPEnglish・Talking About Buddhism・仏教と真言宗
Q1:When and how was Buddhism, which was bom in India, transmittedto the world? Q1:インドに生れた仏教は、何時どのようにして世界に伝わったのでしょうか?
A century after the death of Buddha the Buddhist had fragmented into some twenty different over the interpretations of precepts.
Because of this dissensions each of the sects expanded its strength, Buddhism spread throughout India.
It is called  "the age of sectarian Buddhism"

At that time king Asoka served as guardian to Buddhism and contributed greatly to its development.
And his son Mahendra crossed over to Sri Lanka and transmitted a conservative Buddhism.
This Theravada Buddhism was transmitted to Sri Lanka as well as Southeast Asian countries and continues there today.

Moreover, Mahayana Buddhism was spreading across India.
That preaches from the doctrine that all human beings were equally capable of becoming Buddhas.
In the first century Mahayana Buddhism crossed through the western region of Asian and was transmitted to China.
The Chinese eagerly adopted it and a Buddhist culture of great importance was formed in China.
In the fourth century Buddhism was transmitted to Korea Peninsula and about 160 years later it was introduced to Japan in the year 538.
This is how Buddhism developed as a world religion.



Q2:What is the Shingon Sect? Q2:真言宗とはどんな宗派ですか。
This is the sect which Kukai (Kobo Taishi) established upon returning from China with Buddhist images and scriptures.
The Kongobuji on Mt.Koya was established by Kukai as the main object of worship.
But there are many sub-sects and objects now. It is especially worthy of note that in 12th century Kakuban (1095~1143) reestablished the Shingonsect.
From this sect Chizan and Buzan were developed. Both are still prosperous today.
The Shingo sect is Mikkyou (Esoteric) Buddhism arisen in India. Mikkyo believes the true Buddha is "Dainichi Nyorai" who preaches the truth through all creation.
Its doctrine is called "sokushin jobutsu" . The communication is achieved by forming mantras with expressing by the hands,reciting mantras and keeping the Buddha in one's mind.
Shingon sect takes two sutras which are represented and symbolized by Mandalas.
They portray the realm of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas and are objects of veneration among believers.
しかしながら幾つかの分派があります。 特に12世紀に現れた覚鑁聖人は真言宗を改革した人です。この改革から真言宗の智山派と豊山派が発展しました。両派ともに今日の隆盛繁栄をしています。真言宗とはインドに起きた仏教の中の密教です。
Q3:What is the fundamental difference between Buddhism and Christianity? Q3:仏教とキリスト教の根本的相違は何ですか?
Christianity preaches the existence of a single absolute the Deity. Jesus Christ is that Deity's son. God manifests Himself in human heart through Jesus. The Deity is the creator of all things and ruler of the universe. Jesus Christ teaches people to believe in God and accept his protection. "Ask and you shall be given." he preached.

In contrast, Buddhism denies all absolutes. Nothing is permanent and it emphasizes transformation and extinction of all things' impermanence and the non-existence. Everything is the result of a particular cause. Therefore if that cause and condition change, it makes everything relative to the change. In this way Christianity emphasizes the existence of an absolute. This is a fundamental difference between the two. And also there are a number of similarities between The Buddha and Jesus Christ. Both devoted their lives to the propagation and of their respective truths and to saving people. Moreover the Buddha had two aspects-that of a human and that of one who has attained enlightenment. This is also true about Christ too, who has a human aspect and a divine aspect as The Savior Christ. The teachings of both still give encouragement and support to the hearts of many people around the world. The difference lies in their teachings. Christ preached devotion to God as an absolute being. The Buddha denied the notion that an absolute existed.

But Buddha is very close to God in the point of personalities and identity.

イエス・キリストは、絶対神の息子です。神は、イエスを通して人の心の中に、その姿を現します。絶対神は 万物の創造者であり宇宙の創造者です。イエスキリストは、神の存在を信じることを教えそして彼の人の守護を受けることを教示しました。
「求めよ さらば 与えられん」とイエスは説きました。

すべて物事は(時間の経過とともに)変化し消滅するという無常を主張しています。すべての物事は、一定の原因の結果です。(縁起論) なぜならば原因と条件が変われば相対的存在であるすべてが、総体的に変化する。
しかし 仏教は絶対的存在を認めません。これが二つの(宗教の)根本的違いです。


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